THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

EFFECT OF BIODIESEL ON DIESEL ENGINE EMISSIONS

ABSTRACT
Extensive research has been carried out with regard to the composition of the exhaust gases of Diesel engines in operation with biodiesel in relation to the operation with the conventional diesel fuel. Producing biodiesel from different raw materials and different technological biodiesel production processes can result in different individual physical and chemical characteristics of fuel. Generally, it can be said that the use of biodiesel (and mixtures) reduces the overall toxicity of the exhaust gases in relation to the operation of the engine with diesel fuel, and this is a significant environmental potential of biodiesel as a fuel for Diesel engines. However, there is a diversity of research results, due to different factors. The paper reviews and summarizes the relevant literature on the mentioned research that can contribute to the explanation of these effects. It also points to the need for a very careful selection of biodiesel for use as a Diesel engine fuel.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2018-04-08
PAPER REVISED: 2018-07-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-07-09
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2019-01-19
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI18S5483N
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE Supplement 5, PAGES [S1483 - S1498]
REFERENCES
  1. ***, 2014.igem.org/Team:Concordia/Project/Sustainability
  2. ***, news.mongabay.com/bioenergy/2007/10/quick-look-at-fourth-generation.html
  3. Demirbas, A., Competitive Liquid Biofuels from Biomass, Applied Energy, 88 (2011), 10, pp. 17-28
  4. ***, National Biodiesel Board: The Official Site of the National Biodiesel Board, Fuel fact sheets, USA, 2005, www.biodiesel.org
  5. Michelle, E., et al., Clearing the Air - Public Health Threats from Cars and Heavy Duty Vehicles, Sur-face Transportation Policy Projekt, Washington DC, USA, 2003
  6. Stefanović, A., Diesel Engines with Fuel Based on Vegetable Oils (in Serbian), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia, 1999
  7. Peterson, C. L., et al., Processing, Characteriz. & Perform. of Eight Fuels from Lipids, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Idaho, Idaho, USA, 1997
  8. Nikolić, B., Research on the Injection Characteristics of Rapeseed and Its Methyl Ester at High Pressure in IC Engines, Ph. D. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nis, Serbia, 2016
  9. Brunschwig, C., et al., Use of Bioethanol for Biodiesel Production, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 38 (2012), 2, pp. 283-301
  10. Yarrapathruni, V. H. R., et al., Jatropha Oil Methzl Ester and Its Blends Used as an Alternative Fuel in Diesel Engine, Thermal Science, 13 (2009), 3, pp. 207-217
  11. Agarwal, K. A., et al., Comparative Study of Macroscopic Spray Parameters and Fuel Atomization Be-haviour of Straight Vegetable Oils (Jatropha), Its Biodiesel and Blends, Thermal Science, 17 (2013), 1, pp. 217-232
  12. Bueno, A. V., et al., Heat Release and Engine Performance Effects of Soybean Oil Ethyl Ester Blending into Diesel Fuel, Energy, 36 (2011), 6, pp. 3907-3916
  13. Lahane, S., Subramanian, K. A., Effect of Different Percentages of Biodiesel-Diesel Blends on Injection, Spray, Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine, Fuel, 139 (2015), Jan., pp. 537-545
  14. Volmajer, M., et al., Injection Characteristics of an In-Line Fuel Injection System Using the Alternative Fuels, Journal of KONES, 9 (2002), 1-2, pp. 259-267
  15. Kuti, O. A., et al., Characterization of Spray and Combustion Processes of Biodiesel Fuel Injected by Diesel Engine Common Rail System, Fuel, 104 (2013), Feb., pp. 838-846
  16. Ahmed, S., et al., An Experimental Investigation of Biodiesel Production, Characterization, Engine Per-formance, Emission and Noise of Brassica Juncea Methyl Ester and Its Blends, Journal of Cleaner Pro-duction, 79 (2014), Sept., pp. 74-81
  17. Ozener, O., et al., Effects of Soybean Biodiesel on a DI Diesel Engine Performance, Emission and Com-bustion Characteristics, Fuel, 115 (2014), Jan., pp. 875-883
  18. Kegl, B., Effects of Biodiesel on Emissions of a Bus Diesel Engine, Bioresource Technology, 99 (2008), 4, pp. 863-873
  19. Vujicic, Dj., et al., Kinetics of Biodiesel Synthesis from Sunflower Oil over CaO Heterogeneous Cata-lyst, Fuel, 89, (2010), 8, pp. 2054-2061
  20. Shukla, P. C., et al., Physico-Chemical Speciation of Particulates Emanating from Karanja Biodiesel Fuelled Automotive Engine, Fuel, 162, (2015), Dec., pp. 84-90
  21. Singaram, L., Biodiesel: An Eco-Friendly Alternate Fuel for the Future - A Review, Thermal Science, 13, (2009), 3, pp. 185-199
  22. Varatharajan, K., et al., Mitigation of NOx Emissions from a Jatropha Biodiesel Fuelled DI Diesel En-gine Using Antioxidant Additives, Fuel, 90 (2011), 8, pp. 2721-2725
  23. Sivaramakrishnan, K., Ravikumar, P., Determination of Cetane Number of Biodiesel and Its Influence on Physical Properties, Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN), Journal of Engineering and Ap-plied Sciences, 7, (2012), 2, pp. 205-211
  24. Dunn, R. O., Soybean - Applications and Technology, Improving the Cold Flow Properties of Biodiesel by Fractionation, (Chapter 12), In. Tech, (2011), www.intechopen.com/books/soybean-applica-tions-and-technology
  25. Gautam, K., et al., Physical Characterization and Comparison of Biodiesel Produced from Edible and Non-Edible Oils of Madhuca Indica (Mahua), Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja), and Sesamum Indicum (Til) Plant Oilseeds, Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery Processing of Biogenic Material for Energy and Chemistry, 4 (2013), 3, pp. 193-200
  26. ***, cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/23666/InTech-Biodiesel_quality_standards_and_properties.pdf
  27. Xin, J., et al., Oxidation Stability of Biodiesel Fuel as Prepared by Supercritical Methanol, Fuel, 87 (2008), 10-11, pp. 1807-1813
  28. Rawat, D. S., et al., Impact of Additives on Storage Stability of Karanja (Pongamia Pinnata) Biodiesel Blends with Conventional Diesel Sold at Retail Outlets, Fuel, 120 (2014), Mar., pp. 30-37
  29. Islam, M. A., et al., Microalgal Species Selection for Biodiesel Production Based on Fuel Properties De-rived from Fatty Acid Profiles, Energies, 6 (2013), 11, pp. 5676-5702
  30. Porte, A. F., et al., Sunflower Biodiesel Production and Application in Family Farms in Brazil, Fuel, 89 (2010), 12, pp. 3718-3724
  31. Nikolic, B., The Study of Physical Characteristics of Rapeseed Oil and Rape Methylester as Fuels in In-ternal Combustion Engines, M. Sc. thesis, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University of Nis, Serbia, 2006
  32. Abdullah, A. Z., et al., Critical Technical Areas for Future Improvement in Biodiesel Technologies, En-vironmental Research Letters, 2 (2007), 3, pp. 1-6
  33. Lešnik, L., et al., Numerical and Experimental Study of Combustion, Performance and Emission Char-acteristics of a Heavy-Duty DI Diesel Engine Running on Diesel, Biodiesel and Their Blends, Energy Conversion and Management, 81 (2014), May, pp. 534-546
  34. Valentino, G., et al., Biodiesel/Mineral Diesel Fuel Mixtures: Spray Evolution and Engine Performance and Emissions Characterization, Energy, 36 (2011), 6, pp. 3924-3932
  35. Liaquat, A. M., et al., Effect of Coconut Biodiesel Blended Fuels on Engine Performance and Emission Characteristics, Procedia Engineering, 56 (2013), Dec., pp. 583-590
  36. Lapuerta, M., et al., Effect of Biodiesel Fuels on Diesel Engine Emissions, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 34 (2008), 2, pp. 198-223
  37. Pandey, R. K., et al., Impact of Alternative Fuel Properties on Fuel Spray Behavior and Atomization, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (2012), 3, pp. 1762-1778
  38. Dobovišek, Ž., et al., Influence of Fuel Properties on Engine Characteristics and Tribological Parameters (in Croatian), Goriva i maziva, 48 (2009), 2, pp. 131-158
  39. Kegl, B., Experimental Investigation of Optimal Timing of the Diesel Engine Injection Pump Using Bi-odiesel Fuel, Energy & Fuels, 20 (2006), 4, pp. 1460-1470
  40. Nikolić, B., et al., Function K - as a Link between Fuel Flow Velocity and Fuel Pressure, Depending on the Type of Fuel, Facta Universitatis Series: Mechanical Engineering, 15 (2017), 1, 119-132
  41. Nikolić, B., et al., Determining the Speed of Sound, Density and Bulk Modulus of Rapeseed Oil, Bio-diesel and Diesel Fuel, Thermal Science, 16 (2012), Suppl. 2, S505-S514
  42. Gumus, M., et al., The Impact of Fuel Injection Pressure on the Exhaust Emissions of a Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Biodiesel-Diesel Fuel Blends, Fuel, 95 (2012), May, pp. 486-494
  43. Panneerselvama, N., et al., Effects of Injection Timing on Bio-Diesel Fuelled Engine Characteristics - An Overview, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 50 (2015), Oct., pp. 17-31
  44. Lešnik, L., et al., The Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on Injection Characteristics, Diesel Engine Perfor-mance, and Emission Formation, Applied Energy, 111 (2013), 1, pp. 558-570
  45. EL-Kasaby, M., Nemit-allah, M. A., Experimental Investigations of Ignition Delay Period and Perfor-mance of a Diesel Engine Operated with Jatropha Oil Biodiesel, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52 (2013), 2, pp. 141-149
  46. Torres-Jimenez, E., et al., Experimental Investigation on Injection Characteristics of Bioethanol-Diesel Fuel and Bioethanol-Biodiesel Blends, Fuel, 90 (2011), 5, pp. 1968-1979
  47. Rakopoulos, D., et al., Impact of Properties of Vegetable Oil, Bio-Diesel, Ethanol and N-Butanol on the Combustion and Emissions of Turbocharged HDDI Diesel Engine Operating under Steady and Transient Conditions, Fuel, 156 (2015), Sept., pp. 1-19
  48. Song, H., et al., Comparisons of NO Emissions and Soot Concentrations from Biodiesel-Fuelled Diesel Engine, Fuel, 96 (2012), June, pp. 446-453
  49. Sadeghinezhad, E., et al., A Comprehensive Review of Bio-Diesel as Alternative Fuel for Compression Ignition Engines, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 28 (2013), Dec., pp. 410-424
  50. Mofijur, M., et al., A Study on the Effects of Promising Edible and Non-Edible Biodiesel Feedstocks on Engine Performance and Emissions Production: A Comparative Evaluation, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 23 (2013), July, pp. 391-404
  51. Pabst, C., et al., Emissions of Biofuel Blends Used in Engines with SCR Catalyst, MTZ, 75, (2014), 2, pp. 44-49
  52. Elshaib, A. A., et al., Performance of a Diesel Engine Fueled by Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel, Journal of the Energy Institute, 87 (2014), 1, pp. 11-17
  53. Li, Li., et al., Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fueled with Die-sel/Biodiesel/Pentanol Fuel Blends, Fuel, 156 (2015), Sept., pp. 211-218
  54. Giakoumis, E., et al., Exhaust Emissions of Diesel Engines Operating under Transient Conditions with Biodiesel Fuel Blends, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 38 (2012), 5, pp. 691-715
  55. Kousoulidou, M., et al., Impact of Biodiesel Application at Various Blending Ratios on Passenger Cars of Different Fueling Technologies, Fuel, 98 (2012), Aug., pp. 88-94
  56. Carraretto, C., et al., Biodiesel as Alternative Fuel: Experimental Analysis an Energetic Evaluations, En-ergy, 29 (2004), 2, pp. 195-211
  57. Lapuerta, M., et al., Effect of the Alcohol Type Used in the Production of Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel on Diesel Performance and Emissions, Fuel, 87 (2008), 15-16, pp. 3161-3169
  58. Barrie, W., Biodiesel in the EU - How to Maximize Potential, Presentation to 1st World Biofuels Con-ference, Paris, 2001
  59. Tomić, M., et al., Effect of Fossil Diesel and Biodiesel Blends on the Performances and Emissions of Agricultural Tractor Engines, Thermal Science, 17 (2013), 1, pp. 263-278
  60. Palash, S. M., et al., Impacts of Biodiesel Combustion on NOx Emissions and Their Reduction Ap-proaches, Renewable and Sustain. Energy Reviews, 23 (2013), July, pp. 473-490
  61. Kannan, T. K., Gounder, M. R., Thevetia Peruviana Biodiesel Emulsion Used as a Fuel in a Single Cyl-inder Diesel Engine Reduces NOx and Smoke, Thermal Science, 15 (2011), 4, pp. 1185-1191
  62. Ramalingam, S., et al., The Influence of Natural and Synthetic Antioxidant on Oxidation Stabilitz and Emission of Sapota Oil Methyl Ester as Fuel in CI Engine, Thermal Science, 20 (2016), Suppl. 4, pp. S991-S997
  63. Kegl, B., Kegl, M., Experimental Investigation Review of Biodiesel Usage in Bus Diesel Engine, Ther-mal Science, 21 (2017), 18, pp. 639-654
  64. Lujan, J. M., et al. Comparative Analysis of a DI Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel Blends during the European MVEG-A Cycle: Performance and Emissions (II), Biomass and Bioenergy, 33 (2009), 6-7, pp. 948-956
  65. Sahoo, P. K., et al., Comparative Evaluation of Performance and Emission Characteristics of Jatropha, Karanja and Polanga Based Biodiesel as Fuel in a Tractor Engine, Fuel 88 (2009), 9, pp. 1698-1707
  66. Banapurmath, N. R., et al., Performance and Emission Characteristics of a DI Compression Ignition En-gine Operated on Honge, Jatropha and Sesame Oil Methyl Esters, Renewable Energy, 33 (2008), 9, pp. 1982-1988
  67. Kumar, M. S., et al., An Experimental Comparison of Methods to Use Methanol and Jatropha Oil in a Compression Ignition Engine, Biomass and Bioenergy, 25 (2003), 3, pp. 309-318
  68. Fontaras, G., Karavalakis, G., et al., Effects of Biodiesel on Passenger Car Fuel Consumption, Regulated and Non-Regulated Pollutant Emissions over Legislated and Real-World Driving Cycles, Fuel, 88 (2009), 9, pp. 1608-1617
  69. Kumar, M. S., et al., A Comparison of the Different Methods of Using Jatropha Oil as Fuel in a Com-pression Ignition Engine, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 132 (2010), 3, ID 032801
  70. Xue, J., et al., Effect of Biodiesel on Engine Performances and Emissions, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Reviews, 15 (2011), 2, pp. 1098-1116

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence