THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

SIMULATION ON MARINE CURRENTS AT MIDIA CAPE-CONSTANTA AREA USING COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS METHOD

ABSTRACT
The work involves assessing of the marine current regime in the north west of the Black Sea, Midia Cape-Constanta area. The area of interest is chosen due its existing features, using marine currents data (direction and speed) within the CFD to determine the distribution of velocities and pressures. The study on the distribution of velocities and pressures, according to local hydro-meteorological characteristic elements, can be used for identifying the risk areas for navigation and existing hydro-technical construction industry. Modelling results using the CFD analysis shows the currents velocity values, pressures and turbulences of the investigated marine region. The model can be used in the analysis and the coastline changes as well as in risk assessment for hydraulic structures. Additional parameters into the model, such as the sea wave characteristics, aim to provide an indication of the potential hydro-dynamic power that is available at a determined location of interest.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-05-18
PAPER REVISED: 2017-07-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-07-12
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2017-12-23
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI170508247B
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE Supplement 2, PAGES [S353 - S360]
REFERENCES
  1. Ross, D. A., Uchupi, E., Prada, K., MacIlvaine, J.C., "Bathymetry and Microtopography of Black Sea", In: E. T. Degens& D. A. Ross (Eds.) The Black Sea - Geology, Chemistry and Biology, AAPG Memoir. 20, pp. 110, 1974.
  2. Panin, N., Salomie, G., Varodin, V., Cercetari batimetrice pe platforma continentala a Marii Negre, Studii si Cercetari de Geologie, Geofizica, Geografie, Geofizica, 15 (1977), pp. 57- 73.
  3. Murray, J. W., Top, Z., Özsoy, E., Hydrographic properties and ventilation of the Black Sea, Deep Sea Research, 38, Suppl.2, 663-689 (1991).
  4. Bosneagu, R., "Influenta conditiilor geografice asupra rutelor de transport in bazinul Mării Negre (sectorul de vest)", Cartea Românească Ed., Bucuresti, Romania, 2004.
  5. Oguz, T. and S. Besiktepe, Observations on the Rim Current structure, CIW formation and transport in the Western Black Sea, Deep Sea Research, I, 46 (1999), pp.1733-1753.
  6. Barbulescu A., Deguenon J., About the variations of precipitation and temperature evolution in the Romanian Black Sea Littoral, Romanian Reports in Physics, 67 (2015), 2, pp.625-637.
  7. Selariu, O., The Black Sea continental shelf. Studies and research of marine hydrography and hydrology in the second half of the 20th century, Rev. Roum. Géogr. /Rom. Journ. Geogr., 55 (2011), 2, pp. 121-127.
  8. Resnyansky, Yu.D. and Zelenko, A.A., Numerical realization of the ocean general circulation with parametrization of the upper mixed layer. Proceedings of the USSR Hydrometcentre, v.323 (1992), pp. 3-31.
  9. Kubryakov A. I., G. K. Korotaev, V. L. Dorofeev, Y. B. Ratner, A. Palazov, N. Valchev, V. Malciu, R. Mateescu, and T. Oguz, Black Sea coastal forecasting system, Ocean Science, 8 (2012), pp. 183-196.
  10. Kortcheva A., Jean-Michel Lefevre., Numerical real-time forecasting of the wave conditions in the Black Sea, Proceedings of the international Workshop and Scientific Seminar on the IOC Regional Program for complex Black sea investigation, Varna, Bulgaria, 20-25 September, 1996.
  11. Kortchev G., Kortcheva A., Mungov G., Lefevre J.-M., Daniel P., Operational forecasting of wind wave and storm surge in the Black sea, International Exhibition EXPO-98 (International Year of the Oceans), Lisbon, Portugal, May-September, 1998.
  12. Galabov Vasko, Anna Kortcheva, Marieta Dimitrova, Towards a system for sea state forecasts in the Bulgarian Black Sea coastal zone: the case of the storm of 07- 08 February, 2012, v Proceedings 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2012, Albena, Bulgaria, 2012, vol. 3, pp. 1017- 1024, arxiv.org/abs/1212.2108
  13. Oguz, T., J.W. Murray and A. Callahan, Modeling redox cycling across the suboxic- anoxic interface zone in the Black Sea. Deep Sea Research I, 48 (2001), pp. 761-787.
  14. Oguz, T., Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli, Hugh W. Ducklow, and James W. Murray, Interdisciplinary studies integrating the Black Sea biogeochemistry and circulation dynamics, Oceanography, 15 (2002), 3, pp. 4-11.
  15. Galabov V., A. Kortcheva, J. Marinski, Simulation of oil pollution accidents in the Bay of Burgas, using hydrodynamic model, Proceedings 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2012, Albena, Bulgaria, 2012, vol. 3, pp. 993-1000.
  16. Mihailov M.E., Mateescu R.D., Burca M., Numerical simulation of the western Black Sea Basin hydrological variability, Proceedings of NMA, Bucharest, Romania (2004).
  17. Stefanescu, S., Cordoneanu, E., and Kubryakov, A., Ocean Wave and Circulation Modelling for the Black Sea, Romanian Journal of Meteorology, 6 (2004), 1-2, pp. 75-88.
  18. Zalesnyi, V., B., Gusev, A., V., Agoshkov, V., I., Modeling Black Sea circulation with high resolution in the coastal zone, published in Izvestiya AN. Fizika Atmosfery i Okeana, 52 (2016), 3, pp. 316-333.
  19. Umgiesser, G., "SHYFEM finite element model for coastal sea-user manual- version 4.85", pp. 42, 2004.
  20. Umgiesser, G., Melaku Canu, D., Cucco, A., Solidoro, C., A finite element model for the lagoon of Venice, Italy. Development and calibration, J. Marine Syst, 51 (2004), pp. 123-145.
  21. Ferrarin, Christian, and Georg Umgiesser. Hydrodynamic modeling of a coastal lagoon: The Cabras lagoon in Sardinia, Italy, Ecological Modelling, 188 (2005), 2, pp. 340-357.
  22. Scroccaro, I., Cappelletti, A., Umgiesser, G., An idealized circulation of the Orbetello lagoon, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Mediterranean Coastal Environment, Ozhan, E. (Ed.), 2003, pp. 2087 -2098.
  23. Scroccaro, I., Matarrese, R., Umgiesser, G., Application of a finite element model to the Taranto Sea, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 20 (2004), 1, pp. 205-224.
  24. Tescari St., Umgiesser, G., Ferrarin, Ch., Stănică,A., Current circulation and sediment transport in the coastal zone in front of the Danube Delta, GEO-ECO-MARINA, 12 (2006), pp. 77-78.
  25. ***Operational Oceanography Branch, Black Sea Marine Forecasting Centre, mis.bsmfc.net
  26. Maria-Emanuela Mihailov, "Dinamica maselor de apă în nord-vestul Mării Negre„ , Ex Ponto Ed., Constanta, Romania, 2017, pp. 147.
  27. *** Simulation Driven Product Development, ansys.com/

© 2018 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence