THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

COMBUSTION PROPERTIES AND THERMAL DECOMPOSITION KINETICS OF FLAME RETARDANT SILK FABRICS TREATED BY PHYTIC ACID AND SILICA SOLS

ABSTRACT
In order to obtain the flame retardant silk fabric, silica sols and phytic acid were prepared and applied to the silk fabrics. Vertical combustion experiment, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectra and smoke density test were used to investigate the combustion behavior, thermal property, and kinetics model of silk fabrics before and after flame retardant finish. The results showed that the sol coating on silk fabrics could increase the carbon residue and hinder the spread of flame when burning, and the tensile strength of treated silk was slightly damaged. Furthermore, the kinetics model of silk thermal decomposition conformed to Avrami-Erofeev model.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-09-12
PAPER REVISED: 2017-09-21
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-09-22
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2018-09-09
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI1804665C
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE 4, PAGES [1665 - 1671]
REFERENCES
  1. Taddei, P., et al., Intermolecular Interactions between B. Mori Silk Fibroin and Poly(L-lactic Acid) in Electrospun Composite Nanofibrous Scaffolds, Materials Science and Engineering, 70 (2017), 1, pp. 777-787
  2. Ferrero, F., et al., Silk Grafting with Chitosan and Crosslinking Agents, Fibers & Polymers, 11 (2010), 2, pp. 185-192
  3. Zang, Q. H., et al., Flame Retardant Performance of Finishing Silk Fabric with Ammonium Borate Doped Silicon Sol, Journal of Silk, 52 (2015), 1, pp. 8-13
  4. Wan, N. W. I., Sol-Gel Technology for Innovative Fabric Finishing-A Review, Journal of Sol-Gel Sci-ence and Technology, 78 (2016), 5, pp. 698-707
  5. Lecoeur, E., et al., Flame Retardant Formulations for Cotton, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 74 (2001), 3, pp. 487-492
  6. Zheng, Z. H., et al., Preparation of a Novel Phosphorus - and Nitrogen-Containing Flame Retardant and its Synergistic Effect in the Intumescent Fame-Retarding Polypropylene System, Polymer Composites, 36 (2015), 9, pp. 1606-1619
  7. Aksit, A., et al., Synergistic Effect of Phosphorus, Nitrogen and Silicon on Flame Retardancy Properties of Cotton Fabric Treated by Sol-Gel Process, International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 28 (2016), 3, pp. 319-327
  8. Yang, Z., et al., A Novel Halogen-Free and Formaldehyde-Free Flame Retardant for Cotton Fabrics, Fire and Materials, 36 (2012), 1, pp. 31-39
  9. Liu, Y. L., et al., The Effect of Silicon Sources on the Mechanism of Phosphorussilicon Synergism of Flame Retardation of Epoxy Resins, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 90 (2005) 3, pp. 515-522
  10. Wang, X., et al., Intumescent Multilayer Hybrid Coating for Flame Retardant Cotton Fabrics Based on Layer-by-Layer Assembly and Sol-Gel Process, RSC Advances, 14 (2015) 5, pp. 10647-10655
  11. Zeng, W. R., et al., The Degradation Kinetic Study of Polystyrene by a Combination of Non-Iso Ther-mal Differential and Integral Methods, Polymer Materials Science & Engineering, 22 (2006), 5, pp. 162-165
  12. Wu, Y., et al., Thermal Decomposition Kinetics and Flame Retardance of Phosphazene-Containing Epoxy Resin, Ploymer Materials Science and Engineering, 32 (2016), 3, pp. 54-58
  13. Bing, L., et al., Synthesis of Novel Intumescent Flame Retardant Containing Phosphorus, Nitrogen and Boron and Its Application in Polyethylene, Polymer Bulletin, 72 (2015), 11, pp. 2967-2978
  14. Jenny, A., et al., Thermal and Fire Stability of Cotton Fabrics Coated with Hybrid Phosphorus-Doped Silica Films, Journal of Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry, 110 (2012), 3, pp. 1207-1216

© 2018 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence