THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION MAKING OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS FOR WASTE COLLECTION VEHICLES IN SOUTHEAST REGION OF SERBIA

ABSTRACT
In this paper multiple criteria decision making approach of alternative fuels for waste collection vehicles in southeast region of Serbia was presented. Eight alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies were ranked according to thirteen criteria, including financial, socio-technical, and environmental. Assessment of alternatives was performed by using the weighted aggregated sum product assessment method and results were verified using multi-objective optimization on the basis of ratio analysis method. Considered criteria were obtained from previous researches and by assessment of professional experts from manufacturing industries, public utility companies, and academics institutions. The analysis showed that both biodiesel fuels - derived from used cooking oil or from vegetable oils are the best alternative fuels for Serbian waste collection vehicles in this point of time. Compressed natural gas-powered vehicles were also ranked high in this analysis, but due to the lack of financial capability for their purchase (especially in southeast region of Serbia), their gradual introduction into the waste collection fleet was proposed.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-04-06
PAPER REVISED: 2016-05-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-05-12
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-12-25
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI16S5585P
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Supplement 5, PAGES [S1585 - S1598]
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© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence