THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

INDUSTRIAL COOLING TOWER DESIGN AND OPERATION IN THE MODERATE-CONTINENTAL CLIMATE CONDITIONS

ABSTRACT
A large number of producers offer a wide choice of various types of industrial cooling towers. Usually, a proper choice of prefabricated cooling tower satisfies end-user needs. However, if there are specific end-user requirements, it is necessary to design cooling tower according to those requirements. For the adhesive factory located in southern region of Serbia, 350 kW mechanical draught wet cooling tower was designed and built. Dimensioning of the cooling tower was done according to parameters of the ambient air, higher than the standard recommendations given in the literature. In this paper, the reasons for deviation from recommendations are given. The analysis of the cooling tower operation based on real meteorological parameters for 2015 is also shown in this paper. According to this analysis, cooling tower provides required water temperature in any season, and gives opportunity for energy savings in winter, with opportunity for heat capacity enlargement if production capacity is raised as it is planned in the factory.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-02-17
PAPER REVISED: 2016-05-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-05-25
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-12-25
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI16S5203L
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Supplement 5, PAGES [S1203 - S1214]
REFERENCES
  1. Laković, S., et al., The Re-Circulation Cooling Systems, Proceedings, 34th International Congress on Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning, Belgrade, 2004, pp. 278-285
  2. ***, Cooling Towers: Design and Operation Considerations, www.chersources.com
  3. Zemanek, I., Heat and Mass Transfer in Cooling Tower Packing, National Research Institute for Ma-chine Design, Praha, 1989
  4. Morvay, Z. K., Gvozdenac, D., Applied Industrial Energy and Environmental Management, Part III: Fundamentals for Analysis and Calculation of Energy and Environmental Performance, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., New York, USA, 2009
  5. John, H., Cooling Towers System Guidance for Energy Operations, Kelcroft E & M Limited, Hong Kong, China, 1988, pp. 1-6
  6. Hensley, J. C., Cooling Tower Fundamentals, SPX Cooling Technologies, Inc. Overland Park, Kans., USA, 2006
  7. Berman, Evaporative Cooling of Circulating Water, 2nd ed., Henrych Stawistowshi, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, 1961
  8. ***, British Standard, Water Cooling Towers - Part 3: Code of Practice for Thermal and Functional De-sign, UDC 66.045.53, Licensed copy: Halcrow Group Ltd., 07/07/2004
  9. Wagner, W., Kruse, A., Properties of Water and Steam, the Industrial Standard IAPWS-IF97 for the Thermodynamic Properties and Supplementary Equations for Other Properties, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1998
  10. Oliveira, A., Facao, J., Heat and Mass Transfer Correlations for the Design of Small Indirect Contact Cooling Towers, Proceedings, Applied Thermal Engineering, 24 (2004), pp. 1969-1978
  11. Laković, S. M., Energy Efficiency of the Steam Block with Once-Through and Closed-Cycle Cooling System Depending on the Atmospheric Air Parameters, Ph. D. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineer-ing, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia, 2010
  12. Stefanović, V., et al., Experimental Study on Heat and Mass Transfer in Cooling Towers, Facta Univer-sitatis Series: Mechanical Engineering, 1 (2000), 7, pp. 849-861
  13. Laković, M., et al., Analysis of the Evaporative Towers Cooling System of a Coal-Fired Power Plant, Thermal Science, 16 (2012), Suppl. 2, pp. S375-S385
  14. ***, www.hidmet.gov.rs/data/
  15. Golubović, D., et al., Management and Regulation of Cooling System of Service Water, Proceedings, Infoteh-Jahorina, Republic of Serpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vol. 2, Ref. C-8, pp. 199-201, 2002
  16. ***www.cheresources.com/ctowerszz.shtml
  17. Laković, M., et al., Design and Performance Analysis of the Cooling Tower in the Adhesive Factory, Proceedings, 3rd International Conference Mechanical Engineering in XXI century, pp. 81-85
  18. Dugošija, B., Variable-Frequency Drive - Benefits of Use (in Serbian), www.momentum-auto-mation.com/

© 2021 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence