International Scientific Journal


Super-critical water gasification of biomass is a promising technology for hydrogen production. In order to achieve high hydrogen yield and complete gasification, the operating parameters were investigated and the solid residual was analyzed to study the reaction bottleneck by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The experimental results showed that most organic functional groups in corn cob were consumed by super-critical water above 500°C, however, the aromatic substance and cyclic ketone were remained. The K2CO3 has the best catalytic effect due to the formation of pore structure in the residual particle surface. The carbon gasification efficiency of 97.97% and the hydrogen yield was 50.28 mol/kg.
PAPER REVISED: 2016-02-21
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-03-12
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Supplement 3, PAGES [S895 - S901]
  1. Guo, L., et al., Boiling Coal in Water: Hydrogen Production and Power Generation System with Zero Net CO2 Emission Based on Coal and Supercritical Water Gasification, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (2013), 29, pp. 12953-12967
  2. Guo, L., et al., Supercritical Water Gasification Research and Development in China, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 96 (2015), Jan., pp. 144-150
  3. Moreschi, S. R., et al., Hydrolysis of Ginger Bagasse Starch in Sub-Critical Water and Carbon Dioxide, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52 (2004), 6, pp. 1753-1758
  4. Timko, M. T., et al., Upgrading and Desulfurization of Heavy Oils by Supercritical Water, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 96 (2015), pp. 114-123
  5. Jin, H., et al., Hydrogen Production by Zhundong Coal Gasification in Supercritical Water, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40 (2015), 14, pp. 16096-16103
  6. Jin, H., et al., Study on Gasification Kinetics of Hydrogen Production from Lignite in Supercritical Water, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40 (2015), 24, pp. 7523-7529
  7. Jin, H., et al., A Mathematical Model and Numerical Investigation for Glycerol Gasification in Supercritical Water with a Tubular Reactor, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 107 (2015), Jan., pp. 526-533
  8. Sunden, B., et al., Gas Turbine Blade Tip Heat Transfer and Cooling: A Literature Survey, Heat Transfer Engineering, 31 (2010), 7, pp. 527-554
  9. Qian, Y., et al., Structural Analysis of Bio-Oils from Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Woody Biomass, Energy, 32 (2007), 2, pp. 196-202
  10. Williams, P. T., et al., Sub-Critical and Supercritical Water Gasification of Cellulose, Starch, Glucose, and Biomass Waste, Energy & Fuels, 20 (2006), 3, pp. 1259-1265
  11. Sasaki, M., et al., Dissolution and Hydrolysis of Cellulose in Sub-Critical and Supercritical Water, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 39 (2000), 8, pp. 2883-2890
  12. Fang, Z., et al., Reaction Chemistry and Phase Behavior of Lignin in High-Temperature and Supercritical Water, Bioresource Technology, 99 (2008), 9, pp. 3424-3430
  13. Zou, S., et al., Bio-Oil Production from Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Microalgae Dunaliella Tertiolecta and Related Properties, Energy & Environmental Science, 3 (2010), 8 , pp. 1073-1078
  14. Lan, R., et al., Hydrogen Production by Catalytic Gasification of Coal in Supercritical Water, Energy & Fuels, 28 (2014), 11, pp. 6911-6917
  15. Chen, Y., et al., An Experimental Investigation of Sewage Sludge Gasification in Near and Supercritical Water Using a Batch Reactor, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (2013), 29, pp. 12912- 12920.
  16. Hayashi, H., et al., Hydrothermal Synthesis of Titania Photocatalyst under Sub-Critical and Supercritical Water Conditions, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 12 (2002), 12, pp. 3671-3676
  17. Osada, M., et al., Stability of Supported Ruthenium Catalysts for Lignin Gasification in Supercritical Water, Energy & Fuels, 20 (2006), 6, pp. 2337-2343
  18. Yoshida, T., et al., Partial Oxidative and Catalytic Biomass Gasification in Supercritical Water: a Promising Flow Reactor System, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 43 (2004), 15, pp. 4097-4104

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence