THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

INFLUENCE OF DISTILLATION ON PERFORMANCE, EMISSION, AND COMBUSTION OF A DI DIESEL ENGINE, USING TYRE PYROLYSIS OIL DIESEL BLENDS

ABSTRACT
Conversion of waste to energy is one of the recent trends in minimizing not only the waste disposal but also could be used as an alternate fuel for internal combustion engines. Fuels like wood pyrolysis oil, rubber pyrolysis oil are also derived through waste to energy conversion method. Early investigations report that tyre pyrolysis oil derived from vacuum pyrolysis method seemed to possess properties similar to diesel fuel. In the present work, the crude tyre pyrolisis oil was desulphurised and distilled to improve the properties and studied the use of it. Experimental studies were conducted on a single cylinder four-stroke air cooled engine fuelled with two different blends, 30% tyre pyrolysis oil and 70% diesel fuel (TPO 30) and 30% distilled tyre pyrolysis oil and 70% diesel fuel (DTPO 30). The results of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of the engine indicated that NOx is reduced by about 8% compared to tire pyrolysis oil and by about 10% compared to diesel fuel. Hydrocarbon emission is reduced by about 2% compared to TPO 30 operation. Smoke increased for DTPO 30 compared to TPO 30 and diesel fuel.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2007-06-09
PAPER REVISED: 2008-01-22
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2008-03-21
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI0801157M
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2008, VOLUME 12, ISSUE 1, PAGES [157 - 167]
REFERENCES
  1. Bottrill, R. P., Cunliffe, A. M., Williams, P. T., Combustion of Tyre Pyrolysis Oil, Prosess Safety and Environmental Protection, 76 (1998), B4, pp. 291-301
  2. Zabaniotou, A. A., Stavropoulos, G. G., Pyrolysis of Used Automobile Tires and Residual Char Utilization, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis Volume, 70 (2003), 2, pp 711-722
  3. de Marco Rodriguez, I., et al., Pyrolysis of Scrap Tyres, Fuel Processing Technology, 72 (2001), 1, pp 9-22
  4. Bertoli, C., et al., Running Light Duty DI Diesel Engines with Wood Pyrolysis Oil, SAE paper 2000-01-2975, 2000, pp. 3090-3096
  5. Frigo, S., et al., Feasibility of Using Flash Wood Pyrolysis Oil in Diesel Engines, SAE paper 962529, 1996, pp. 165-173
  6. Ani, F. N., Jamil, Md. K., Prospects of Pyrolysis Rubber Oil in Diesel Engines, Proceedings, 5th Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Combustion and Energy Conference, Shanghai, China, 1999, pp. 375-380
  7. Murugan, S., Ramaswamy, M. C., Nagarajan, G., Production of Tyre Pyrolysis Oil from Used Automobile Tyres, Proceedings, National Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering, New Delhi, 2006, pp 899-906
  8. Nagarajan, G., Rao, A. N., Renganarayanan, S., Emission and Performance Characteristics of Neat Ethanol Fuelled DI Diesel Engine, International Journal of Ambient Energy, 23 (2002), 3, pp. 149-158
  9. Yoshiyuki, K., et al., Effects of Fuel Cetane Number and Aromatics on Combustion Process and Emissions of a Direct Injection Diesel Engine, JSAE, Review 21, 2000, pp. 469-475

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence