TY - JOUR
TI - Comparison of well-posedness criteria of two-fluid models for numerical simulation of gas-liquid two-phase flows in vertical pipes
AU - Naghibi M Falahati
AU - Shokri Vahid
AU - Majidian A
JN - Thermal Science
PY - 2022
VL - 26
IS - 2
SP - 1245
EP - 1265
PT - Article
AB - The purpose of the present study is to compare the well-posedness criteria of the free-pressure two-fluid model, single-pressure two-fluid model, and two-pressure two-fluid model in a vertical pipe. Two-fluid models were solved using the conservative shock capturing method. A water faucet case is used to compare two-fluid models. The free pressure two-fluid model can accurately predict discontinuities in the solution field if the problem's initial condition satisfies the Kelvin Helmholtz instability conditions. The single-pressure two-fluid model can accurately predict the behavior of flows in which the two phases are poorly coupled. The two-pressure two-fluid model is an unconditionally well-posed one. If in the free-pressure two-fluid model and single-pressure two-fluid model, the range of velocity difference of two phases exceeds certain limits, the models will be ill-posed. The two-pressure two-fluid model produces more numerical diffusion than the free-pressure two-fluid and single-pressure two-fluid models in the solution field. High numerical diffusion of two-pressure two-fluid models leads to failure to better comply with the problem's analytical solution. Results show that a single-pressure model is a powerful model for numerical modeling of gas-liquid two-fluid-flows in the vertical pipe due to a broader range of well-posed than free-pressure models and less numerical diffusion than the two-pressure mode.