## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### Thermal Science - Online First

online first only
### Nanofluid flow comprising gyrotactic microbes through a porous medium - a numerical study

**ABSTRACT**

Researchers have significantly contributed to heat transfer field and always made out much effort to find new solutions of heat transfer augmentation. In the concerned work, we have presented a novel study regarding heat and mass transfer flow of nanofluid in the presence of gyrotactic microbes through a porous medium past a stretching sheet. The nonlinear coupled ODEs are obtained after applying the persuasive tool of similarity transformation on governing model PDEs and then tackled numerically by exploiting the SOR (Successive over Relaxation) parameter method. The outcomes of assorted parameters for the flow are surveyed and discussed through graphs and tables. A graphical comparison is correlated with previously accomplished study and examined to be in an exceptional agreement. The culminations designate that the bioconvection Peclet number and microorganism concentration difference parameter enhance density of the motile microorganisms. Moreover, porosity parameter substantially increases shear stress on sheet surface. The addition of nanoparticles in microorganisms is beneficial to improvise the thermal efficiency of many systems like bacteria powered micro-mixers, microfluidics devices like micro-volumes and enzyme biosensor, microbial fuel cells and bio-microsystems like chip-shaped microdevices.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-12-07

PAPER REVISED: 2020-09-26

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-10-16

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-11-07

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