THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Experimental investigation of solar/wind hybrid system for irrigation in Konya, Turkey

ABSTRACT
In this study, an experimental research for agricultural irrigation was completed for a renewable hybrid power generation system consisting of photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbine which can be considered as an alternative to diesel generators used for pumping applications. Generated electricity was used to power a 300 W DC-driven submersible pump at 2.5 m depth of the ground level. Overall efficiencies of the wind turbine and cell efficiencies of the PV panels in July 2011 were calculated as 33.3% and 10.07%, respectively. It was observed that the daily mean of produced electricity by the system in July was enough to pump daily average 44.1 m3/day of water from the depth of 2.5 m and totally 1368 m3 of water during the month. It was calculated that the amount of pumped water is sufficient to meet water need of the agricultural products that were 12.4 decares (da) of sugar beet, 13.0 da of potatoes, 13.4 da for corn, 13.6 da green bean and 10.8 da for sun flower with the drip irrigation method. It was demonstrated that the renewable hybrid energy system enables to save the 10410 US dollars on energy in twenty-year period after the basic payback period of 5.7 years. In addition the Net Present Value (NPV) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of the project were found to be 7361 USD and 12.6%, respectively.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2018-05-15
PAPER REVISED: 2018-07-26
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-09-30
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2018-10-06
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI180515293K
REFERENCES
  1. Craparo, A. C. W., et al., Coffea arabica yields decline in Tanzania due to climate change: Global implications. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 207 (2015), pp. 1-10
  2. Maleki, A., and Askarzadeh, A. Artificial bee swarm optimization for optimum sizing of a stand-alone PV/WT/FC hybrid system considering LPSP concept. Solar Energy 107 (2014), pp. 227-235
  3. Protic, S. M., and Pasicko, R,.Croatia's rural areas-renewable energy based electricity generation for isolated grids. Thermal Science, 18, 3 (2014), pp. 731-742
  4. Genç, M.S. Economic viability of water pumping systems supplied by wind energy conversion and diesel generator systems in north central Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Energy Engineering, 137, 1 (2010), pp. 21-35
  5. Chinathambi, G., et al., Modeling of a solar photovoltaic water pumping system under the influence of panel cooling, Thermal Science, 21, (2017), 2, pp. 399-410
  6. Kaya, M. N., et al., Renewable energy in Turkey: potential, current status and future aspects, Annals of the Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara, 15(1), (2017), pp.65
  7. Pekez, J., et al., The increase of exploitability of renewable energy sources, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy ,11(1) (2016), pp. 51-57
  8. Stojković, S.M., and Bakić, V.V., Techno-economic analysis of stand-alone photovoltaic/wind/battery/hydrogen systems for very small-scale applications, Thermal Science, 20.suppl. 1 (2016), pp. 261-273
  9. Nakomčić-Smaragdakis, B. B., and Dragutinović N. G., Hybrid renewable energy system application for electricity and heat supply of a residential building, Thermal Science, 20, 2 (2016), pp. 695-706
  10. Ma, Tao, et al., Optimal design of an autonomous solar-wind-pumped storage power supply system, Applied Energy, 160 (2015), pp. 728-736
  11. Mentis, D., Electrifying Greece with solar and wind energy, Thermal Science, 18(3), (2014), pp. 709-720
  12. Smaoui, M., and L. Krichen. Design and energy control of stand-alone hybrid wind/photovoltaic/fuel cell power system supplying a desalination unit, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6, 4 (2014), pp 043111
  13. Fazelpour, F., and Soltani, N., Feasibility study of renewable energy resources and optimization of electrical hybrid energy systems, Thermal Science, 21(1) (2017), pp. 335-351
  14. Bekele, G., and Palm, B., Feasibility study for a standalone solar-wind-based hybrid energy system for application in Ethiopia, Applied Energy, 87, 2 (2010), pp. 487-495.
  15. Ahmed N.A., et al., Power fluctuations suppression of stand-alone hybrid generation combining solar photovoltaic/wind turbine and fuel cell systems, Energy Conversion and Management, 49, 10 (2008), pp. 2711-2719
  16. Odeh, I., Introducing new design and performance points for photovoltaic water pumping systems based on long-term field data analysis, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 5, 2 (2013), pp. 023135
  17. Aksoy, M.H., Experimental Investigation of a Water Pumping System Driven By Wind And Solar Energy, MSc Thesis, Selcuk University, Turkey, 2011 (in Turkish)
  18. Fereidooni, M., et al., A comprehensive evaluation of hydrogen production from photovoltaic power station, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82 (2018), pp. 415-423
  19. Raja, W.A. and Piazza, R.W., Reverse running centrifugal pumps as hydraulic power recovery turbines for seawater reverse osmosis systems, Desalination, 38, (1981), pp. 123-134
  20. Vick, B. D., and Neal B. A., Analysis of off-grid hybrid wind turbine/solar PV water pumping systems, Solar Energy, 86,5 (2012), pp. 1197-1207
  21. Solmaz O., et al., Hourly cooling load prediction of a vehicle in the southern region of Turkey by Artificial Neural Network, Energy Conversion and Management, 82 (2014), pp. 177-187.
  22. Notton G., et al., Calculation of solar irradiance profiles from hourly data to simulate energy systems behavior, Renewable Energy, 27-1 (2002), pp. 123-142
  23. ***, (PVGIS). www.re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pvgis/
  24. ***, Ministry of Agriculture of Turkey, Water consumption guide for plants for irrigation need in Turkey, Publication Number: 15 (1977), pp.248 (in Turkish)
  25. Kose F., et al., An Assessment of Wind Energy Potential to Meet Electricity Demand and Economic Feasibility in Konya, Turkey. International Journal of Green Energy, 11(6) (2014), pp. 559-576
  26. Kose F., and Kaya M.N., Analysis on meeting the electric energy demand of an active plant with a wind-hydro hybrid power station in Konya, Turkey: Konya water treatment plant, Renewable energy, 55 (2013), pp. 196-201
  27. Kaya, M. N. and Köse, F., Wind Power Plants for Low Rated Wind Speed Regions: Feasibility Analysis and Simulation of a System, In E3S Web of Conferences EDP Sciences, (2016), (10) pp. 00034