THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Effect of fabric structural design on the thermal properties of woven fabrics

ABSTRACT
The thermal properties of a certain fabric govern its end usage. The enhanced thermal resistance can help to use light weight fabric for cold conditions. The aim of this study was the development fabric with a particular structural design having enhanced thermal resistance, without any change in the constituent materials or any extra process. Fabric samples were produced using cotton and core spun elastane yarns along weft, in a specific sequence. The fabrics had either a flat or puckered appearance, depending on the arrangement of weft yarns. It was observed that the percentage of core spun yarns and fabric thickness had a significant effect on the thermal resistance of fabrics. A valuable difference in the thermal resistance of flat and seersucker (puckered) fabrics, having same construction was observed. It was found to be the effect of the characteristic puckered effect of the seersucker fabric. Statistical models were developed to predict the thermal resistance of flat fabrics using core spun yarns percentage and fabric thickness.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-07-07
PAPER REVISED: 2018-01-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-01-20
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2018-02-18
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI170707003S
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