THERMAL SCIENCE

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Effect of uniform and variable fin height on charging and discharging of PCM in a horizontal cylindrical thermal storage

ABSTRACT
The effect of fin profile on melting of phase change material (PCM) is presented. The test section contains an acrylic tube of 50 mm outer diameter (OD) and a copper tube of 16 mm OD and a length of 1000 mm each. Both tubes are kept coaxially. The heat transfer fluid (HTF) flows through the copper tube. PCM is paraffin wax and filled in the annular region. The considered fin profiles are the uniform and variable fin heights of circular, triangular and elliptical profiles. Fins are fixed on the HTF tube and protruded into the PCM. The total fin surface area is maintained same among the fin profiles and the fin arrangements. The one-third of the storage is provided with increasing fin height of 2-3 mm to melt the settled solid PCM. The hot and cold water is used to charge and discharge the PCM respectively. Experiments are performed by the hot and cold-water inlet temperatures of 70 °C and 28 °C at a flow rate of 0.5 kg/min. A faster and effective heat transfer from HTF to PCM and vice-versa is investigated. The variable elliptical fins showed faster charging and discharging by 25% and 20% respectively than the variable circular fins. The variable elliptical fins showed faster charging and discharging by 11.8% and 11% than the variable triangular fins. The charging and discharging efficiency of 80% and 74% are observed for the elliptical fin profiles.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-07-09
PAPER REVISED: 2017-11-06
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-11-15
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2017-12-03
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI170709239S
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