THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

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Experimental investigations of flow through wide angle conical diffusers with uniform flow and swirl type velocity distortions at inlet

ABSTRACT
Swirl is a tangential velocity component of the fluid flow and is often present in the conical diffuser as a result of rotating machinery in the upstream section. The present experimental work is dedicated to study the effect of moderate swirl on wide angle conical diffuser performance and flow development. The experiments were performed in a low-speed open circuit wind tunnel. There are two different diffusers having a cone angle of 14° (with area ratio 3.0) and 20° (with area ratio 4.2) were selected for this investigation. The flow parameters have been measured using DANTEC DYNAMICS make constant temperature hot-wire anemometer (CTA). The results showed that the moderate swirl can significantly improve the stalled diffuser (20° cone angle) performance; however, it has a little effect on the diffuser (14°cone angle) having incipient turbulent boundary layer separation. It was confirmed that the introduction of moderate swirl reduces the chances of flow separation in wide angle conical diffusers.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-08-17
PAPER REVISED: 2017-10-12
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-10-16
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2017-11-18
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI170817223H
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