## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### Thermal Science - Online First

online first only
### Heat transfer enhancement in rotating disk boundary layer

**ABSTRACT**

A generally admitted fact about the nanofluids is the expedition of heat transfer process in comparison to pure fluids. The calculation of enhanced rate of heat transfer depends strongly upon the nanofluid modeling. Following the experimental evidence most of the researchers assume the nanofluid to be a homogeneous mixture. However, this is a severe condition that results in underprediction of heat transfer rates. Due to the ongoing convection phenomena the nanoparticle concentration is actually non-homogeneous within the boundary layer because of the presence of concentration gradients. The objective of this study is to calculate the heat transfer enhancement in three dimensional boundary layer when the working fluid is a nanofluid. The rotating disk geometry, which perhaps serves as the bench mark for the three dimensional boundary layers, have been chosen for the purpose here. The non-homogeneous nanofluid modeling has been utilized and a percent increase in Nusselt number has been calculated. Detailed analyses of flow and heat transfer phenomena for nanofluids have been conducted under the influence of several physical parameters.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-04-12

PAPER REVISED: 2016-11-05

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-11-09

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-12-03

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