THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Evaluating temperature in faced milling operations by infrared thermography

ABSTRACT
Temperature control plays a crucial role from the machining efficiency viewpoint. Measuring cutting temperature in a face milling operation is no easy task because it is an interrupted cutting process, and not much research about this topic appears in the literature. A methodology based on infrared thermography was developed to measure the temperature in faced milling. The influence of cutting parameters and type of material on cutting temperatures was evaluated. The experimental values obtained for cutting temperature corresponded to those expected and according to other authors. It has been established for AISI 304 stainless steel that temperature may increase if parameters that shorten the cutting time are used. This condition does not apply to all materials as such cutting parameters do not have a strong impact on copper and aluminum machining. Experimental values were not necessarily in keeping with the analytical methods described in literature because they did not consider the influence of some parameters like axial and radial cutting depth.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-01-26
PAPER REVISED: 2016-05-14
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-05-18
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-05-30
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI160126130M
REFERENCES
  1. Groover, M.P., Fundamentals of modern manufacturing, Wiley (4th Edition), United States, 2010.
  2. Kalpakijian, S. & Schmid, S., Manufacturing processes for engineering materials, Pearson Higher (5th Edition), Mexico, 2007.
  3. Nedić, B.P.,Erić, M. D., Cutting Temperature Measurement and Material Machinability, Thermal Science, 18 (2014), 1, pp. 259-268. DOI No: 10.2298/TSCI120719003N
  4. Lazoglu, I., Altintas, Y., Prediction of tool and chip temperature in continuous and interrupted machining, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 42 (2002), 9, pp. 1011-1022. DOI No: 10.1016/S0890-6955(02)00039-1
  5. Le Coz, G. et al., Measuring temperature of rotating cutting tools: Application to MQL drilling and dry milling of aerospace alloys, Applied Thermal Engineering, 36 (2011), pp. 434-441. DOI No: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.10.060
  6. Wang, Z. et al., Energy Efficient Machining of Titanium Alloys by Controlling Cutting Temperature and Vibration, Procedia CIRP, 17 (2014), pp. 523-528. DOI No: 10.1016/j.procir.2014.01.134
  7. Erić, M., Nedić, B., Materials Machinability in Relation to the Cutting Temperature, Tribology in Industry, 24 (2002), 3-4, pp.79-82.
  8. Davies, M.A. et al., On the measurement of Temperature measurement of temperature in material removal processes, CIRP Annals- Manufacturing Technology, 56 (2007), 2, pp.581-604. DOI No: 10.1016/j.cirp.2007.10.009
  9. Armendia, M. et. al., High bandwidth temperature measurement in interrupted cutting of difficult to machine materials, CIRP Annals- Manufacturing Technology, 59 (2010), 1, pp.97-100. DOI No: 10.1016/j.cirp.2010.03.059
  10. Ansoategui, I. et al., Milling simulation by interrupted cutting on lathe to measure temperatures in the cutting tool (in Spanish), XVIII Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Mecánica, (2010).
  11. Grzesik, W., Experimental investigation of the cutting temperature when turning with coated indexable inserts, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 39 (1999), 3, pp.355-369. DOI No:10.1016/S0890-6955(98)00044-3
  12. Richardson, D.J. et al., Modelling of cutting induced workpiece temperatures for dry milling, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 46 (2006), 10, pp.1139-1145. DOI No:10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2005.08.008
  13. Kuczmaszewski, J., Zagórski, I., Methodological Problems of Temperature Measurement in the Cutting Area During Milling Magnesium Alloys, Management and Production Engineering Review, 4 (2013), 3, pp.26-33. DOI No: 10.2478/mper-2013-0025
  14. Pittalà, G.M., Monno, M., A new approach to the prediction of temperature of the workpiece of face milling operations of Ti-6Al-4V, Applied Thermal Engineering, 31 (2011), 2-3, pp.173-180. DOI No:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2010.08.027
  15. Minkina, W. & Dudzik, S., Infrared Thermography: Errors and Uncertainties, Wiley (1est Edition), Great Britain, 2009.
  16. Lauro, C.H. et al., Monitoring the temperature of the milling process using infrared camera, Scientific Research and Essays, 8 (2013), 23, pp.1112-1120. DOI No: 10.5897/SRE12.579
  17. Dinc, C. et al., Analysis of thermal fields in orthogonal machining with infrared imaging, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 198 (2008), 1-3, pp.147-154. DOI No: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.07.002
  18. Valiorgue, F. et al., Emissivity calibration for temperatures measurement using thermography in the context of machining, Applied Thermal Engineering, 58 (2013), 1-2, pp.321-326. DOI No: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.03.051
  19. Cook, N.H., Tool wear and tool life, ASME Transactions, J Eng Ind, 95 (1973), pp.931-938.
  20. Abukhshim, N.A. et al., Heat generation and temperature prediction in metal cutting: A review and implications for high speed machining, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 46 (2006), 7-8, pp.782-800. DOI No: 10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2005.07.024
  21. Garg, A. et al., Energy conservation in manufacturing operations: modelling the milling process by a new complexity-based evolutionary approach, Journal of Cleaner Production, 108 (2015), pp.34-45. DOI No: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.06.043
  22. Bagavathiappan, S. et al., Online monitoring of cutting tool temperature during micro-end milling using infrared thermography, Insight, 57 (2015), 1, pp.1-9. DOI No: 10.1784/insi.2014.57.1.9