TY - JOUR
TI - Heat transfer analysis in the time-dependent axisymmetric stagnation point flow over a lubricated surface
AU - Mahmood Khalid
AU - Sajid Muhammad
AU - Ali Nasir
AU - Javed Tariq
JN - Thermal Science
PY - 2018
VL - 22
IS - 6
SP - 2483
EP - 2492
PT - Article
AB - In this paper time-dependent, two-dimensional, axisymmetric flow and heat transfer of a viscous incompressible fluid impinging orthogonally on a disc is examined. The disc is lubricated with a thin layer of power-law fluid of variable thickness. It is assumed that surface temperature of the disc is time-dependent. Continuity of velocity and shear stress at the interface layer between the fluid and the lubricant has been imposed to obtain the solution of the governing partial differential equations. The set of partial differential equations is reduced into ordinary differential equations by suitable transformations and are solved numerically by using Keller-Box method. Solutions are presented in the form of graphs and tables in order to examine the influence of pertinent parameters on the flow and heat transfer characteristics. An increase in lubrication results in the reduction of surface shear stress and consequently viscous boundary layer becomes thin. However, the thermal boundary layer thickness increases by increasing lubrication. It is further observed that surface shear stress and heat transfer rate at the wall enhance due to unsteadiness. The results for the steady case are deduced from the present solutions and are found in good agreement with the existing results in the literature.