THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON CRIB FIRES IN A CLOSED COMPARTMENT

ABSTRACT
An experimental investigation on burning behavior of fire in closed compartments is presented. Fire experiments were performed in a closed compartment of interior dimensions 4 × 4 × 4 m (length × width × height) with ply board cribs as fire source. The parameters including the gas temperature, mass loss rate, heat flux, flame temperature, and compartment pressure were measured during the experiments. Experimental results indicated that the providing sudden ventilation to the closed compartment had great influence on the behavior of fire. The mass loss rate of the burning crib increased by 150% due to sudden ventilation which results in the increase in heat release rate by 198 kW. From the perspective of total heat flux, compartment pressure, and gas temperatures closed compartment with sudden ventilation were more hazardous.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2014-12-06
PAPER REVISED: 2015-06-19
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-10-09
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2015-11-15
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI141206156D
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2017, VOLUME 21, ISSUE 3, PAGES [1431 - 1441]
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© 2017 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence