THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

POSITIVE EFFECTS OF ECO-DRIVING IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT: A CASE STUDY OF THE CITY NOVI SAD

ABSTRACT
Eco-driving as a concept and program is a well-developed strategy adopted to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The paper presents the findings confirming the significance of driver education about eco-driving (through theoretical and practical training initiatives) with the aim of reducing the negative environmental impact of road transport. During the study, the drivers were tested prior to and immediately after completing the theoretical and practical education on eco-training. According to the study findings, driver education resulted in approximately 11.71% reduction in fuel consumption and average CO2 emissions. These results, along with the findings of many other studies conducted around the world, show that driver education can result in very efficient and significant reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Therefore, it is necessary for the drivers to undergo periodical eco-driving training with specialized coaches and well-designed programs.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-02-19
PAPER REVISED: 2016-04-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-06-28
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-08-07
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI150219160B
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2017, VOLUME 21, ISSUE 1, PAGES [683 - 692]
REFERENCES
  1. Satou, K., et al., Development of the on-board eco-driving support system, International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecology, 9 (2010), 825, pp. 35-40
  2. Barkenbus, J. N., Eco-driving: An overlooked climate change initiative, Energy Policy, 38 (2010), 2, pp. 762-769
  3. Graves, G., et al., RACQ EcoDrive Research Study: final report, Queensland, 2012
  4. Barić, D., et al., Effect of eco-drive education on the reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, PROMET - Traffic&Transportation, 25 (2013), 3, pp. 265-272
  5. European Conference of Ministers of Transport/International Energy Agency, Making cars more Efficient: Technology and Polices for real improvements on the road, Paris, (2005)
  6. Shaheen, S. A., et al, Ecodriving and carbon footprinting: understanding how public education can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and fuel use, Report No. 11-11, Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI), San Jose, California, 2012
  7. Wahlberg, A. E., Long-term effect of Training in economical driving: fuel consumption, accidents, driver acceleration behavior and technical feedback, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 37 (2007), pp. 333-343
  8. Zarkadoulala M., et al., Training urban bus drivers to promote smart driving: a note on a Greek eco-driving pilot program, Transportation Research Part D, 12 (2007), pp. 449-451
  9. ***, ECODRIVEN Campaign Catalogue for European Ecodriving & Traffic Safety Campaigns, Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE), 2008
  10. Jambrović M., Kalauz Z., Edukacija vozača kao element održivog javnog gradskog prijevoza (Driver education as an element of sustainable urban transport), Međunarodna konferencija "Održivo urbano i saobraćajno planiranje" (International Conference "Sustainable urban and traffic planning), Beograd, 2013
  11. CIVITAS 2020, Eco-driving training for bus drivers, civitas.eu/content/eco-driving-training-bus-drivers (accessed 12. 04. 2016)
  12. Strömberg, H.K., Karlsson, M.A., Comparative effects of eco-driving initiatives aimed at urban bus drivers - results from a field trial. Transport. Res. Part D: Transp. Environ. 22, (2013), pp. 28-33
  13. Sullman, J.M.M., et al., Eco-driving training of professional bus drivers - Does it work? Transportation Research Part C, 58 (2015), pp. 749-759
  14. Carrese, S., et al., Impacts of driving behaviours, slope and vehicle load factor on bus fuel consumption and emissions: a real case study in the city of Rome. Proced. - Soc. Behav. Sci., 87 (2013), 10, pp. 211-221

© 2017 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence