THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

MULTI-CRITERIA ANALYSIS AS A SUPPORT FOR NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY REGARDING THE USE OF BIOMASS: CASE STUDY OF SERBIA

ABSTRACT
Decision makers make decisions taking into account many different factors. That is why different experiences, living standard and other „non-technical“ conditions may lead to different decisions in different countries, or even regions of the same country. This paper deals with information gathered through a survey made among experts already dealing with different aspects of biomass use. Recognized factors influencing the wider use of biomass are arranged in a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) matrix. This matrix is used as a base to gather the opinions of the experts interviewed. Conclusions were made taking into account the most influential factors on the decision making process in biomass use according to the results. The questions of the survey were chosen according to existing results, as well as based on the authors’ own experience and estimated relevance to the situation of the country analyzed (Republic of Serbia). The survey analysis covered the responses of 62 national experts in this field. Based on the gathered data, a proper multi-criteria analysis was done using the AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and ANP (Analytic Network Process) methods. Afterwards, recommendations and comments to the decision makers and developers of national energy strategies are presented.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-06-02
PAPER REVISED: 2015-10-09
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-10-15
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2015-12-13
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI150602190D
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE 2, PAGES [371 - 380]
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© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence