THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF COMBUSTION PROCESS OF DIESEL ENGINE USING VEGETABLE OIL METHYL ESTERS

ABSTRACT
Biodiesel is one of the promising renewable, alternative and environmentally friendly biofuels that can be used in diesel engine with little or no modification in the engine. The present paper investigates the combustion characteristics of single cylinder, naturally aspirated, air cooled, DI diesel engine fuelled with pure (100%) methyl ester of rapeseed oil (RME), comparing to the corresponding characteristics when it was driven by diesel fuel. Combustion process analysis was done on relatively low load level that corresponds to the mean effective pressure of three bars and at constant engine speed for both fuels. It was also concluded that the test engine can operate without problems, both with that fuel and with a lot of other biofuels and their mixtures that were used during long laboratory research.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-11-21
PAPER REVISED: 2015-12-09
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-12-10
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2015-12-19
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI151121205K
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE 6, PAGES [2255 - 2263]
REFERENCES
  1. Hammond G., Kallu S., and McManus M., Development of biofuels for the UK automotive market, Applied Energy, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 506-515, Jun. 2008.
  2. Lapuerta M., Armas O., Ballesteros R., and Fernandez J., Diesel emissions from biofuels derived from Spanish potential vegetable oils, Fuel, vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 773-780, Apr. 2005.
  3. Durbin T., Collins J., Norbeck J., and Smith M., Effects of Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and a Synthetic Diesel on Emissions from Light Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles, Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 349-355, Feb. 2000.
  4. Ramadhas A., Muraleedharan C., and Jayaraj S., Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil, Renewable Energy, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1789-1800, Oct. 2005.
  5. Dorado M.P., Ballesteros E., Arnal J.M., Gomez J., Lopez F.J., Exhaust emissions from a Diesel engine fueled with transesterified waste olive oil, Fuel, vol. 82, no. 11, pp. 1311-1315, Jul. 2003.
  6. Utlu Z. and M. S. Kozak, The effect of biodiesel fuel obtained from waste frying oil on direct injection diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions, Renewable Energy, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1936-1941, Aug. 2008.
  7. Lapuerta M., Armas O., Ballesteros R., and Fernandez J., Diesel emissions from biofuels derived from Spanish potential vegetable oils, Fuel, vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 773- 780, Apr. 2005.
  8. Lapuerta M., Armas O., and Rodriguez-Fernandez J., Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 34, no.2, pp. 198-223, Apr. 2008.
  9. Altparmak D., Keskin A., Koca A., and Guru M., Alternative fuel properties of tall oil fatty acid methyl ester-diesel fuel blends, Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 241-246, Jan. 2007.
  10. Monyem A. and Van Gerpen J.H., The effect of biodiesel oxidation on engine performance and emissions, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 317-325, Apr. 2001.
  11. Gao Y. et al., Experimental study of the spray characteristics of biodiesel based on inedible oil, Biotechnology Advances, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 616-624, Sep. 2008
  12. Tesfa B., Mishra R., Gu F., and Powles N., Prediction models for density and viscosity of biodiesel and their effects on fuel supply system in CI engines, Renewable Energy, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 2752-2760, Dec. 2010.
  13. Canakci M., Combustion characteristics of a turbocharged DI compression ignition engine fueled with petroleum diesel fuels and biodiesel, Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 1167-1175, Apr. 2007.
  14. M. V. Tomić, S. J. Popović, N. L. Miljić, S. V.Petrović, M. R. Cvetić, D. M. Knežević, Z. S. Jovanović, "A Quick, Simplified Approach to the Evaluation of Combustion Rate from an IC Engine Indicator diagram", Thermal Science, ISSN 0354-9836, Year 2008, Volume 12, Issue 1, pages 85-102.
  15. Jankov R., "Mathematical modelling of flow and thermodynamic processes and operating characteristics of CI engines", I part, Fundamentals, Naučna knjiga, Beograd, 1984 (in Serbian)
  16. Petrovic S, Jankov R., Tomic M., Filipi Z., Pusonja M, Jovanovic, Z., "Combustion Modelling in SI engines", ISBN 86-7083-262-3, Faculty of. Mech. Eng. University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 1995 (in Serbian)
  17. Hohenberg G., Killman I., "Basic findings from measurement of the combustion process", Paper 82126, XIX Fisita Congress, Melbourne, 1982.
  18. Knežević D., The Research of Combustion Process of Diesel Engine using Biofuels and Exhaust Gas Recirculation, PhD thesis, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mech. Eng., Belgrade, 2015 (in Serbian)
  19. Tomić M., The Identification Technique for Determination of the Indicator Diagram Pressure Level and TDC Position Errors, Motorsympo '88, VI. international symposium, 19-21 April 1988, Strbske Pleso, Hotel Patria, Brnik, Czechoslovakia
  20. Hohenberg G., Heat transfer calculation in CI engine, MTZ Motortechnische zeitschrift, Nr.7-8, 1980 (in German).

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence