## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### EFFECT OF AN INSERTED POROUS LAYER ON HEAT AND FLUID FLOW IN A VERTICAL CHANNEL WITH MIXED CONVECTION

**ABSTRACT**

Temperature and velocity fields in a vertical channel partially filled with porous medium under mixed convection heat transfer condition are obtained. The heat transfer equation and equation of motion for clear and porous layer regions are written and solved analytically. The nondimensionalization of the governing equations yields two Grashof numbers as Grc and Grd for clear and porous sections where Grd=Da.Grc. The dimensionless governing parameters for the problem are Grc (or Grd), Da, thermal conductivity ratio (i.e., K) and thickness of porous layer. The temperature and velocity profiles for different values of Grc, Da, K and thickness of porous layer are plotted and their changes with the governing parameters are discussed. Moreover, the variation of pressure drop with the governing parameters is investigated. The decrease of porous layer thickness or thermal conductivity ratio increases the possibility of the downward flows. Thermal conductivity ratio plays important role on pressure drop, particularly for the channels with high values of Grc/Re.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2012-10-01

PAPER REVISED: 2013-04-24

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2013-05-14

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2013-06-01

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2015**, VOLUME

**19**, ISSUE

**3**, PAGES [1005 - 1016]

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